Libraries Home | Ask a Librarian | Find Books | Find Articles
Never include a document in a reference list that you have not seen.
Reference citations for electronic publications! When in doubt, locate all of the information needed to cite an electronic publication as if it were a print document. Then, add the Internet-specific elements (184.108.40.206). At the very least this includes the medium designator, [Internet], update and citation dates, and the URL.
Square brackets are used to indentify material that is not found in a document, but that has been added by you.
Title is required for all end references.
End references for books and articles require specific components. The sequencing of these components is prescribed by NISO. Consistent ordering is important to avoid confusion and to help the reader find information.
|Books||Journal and Newspaper Articles|
|Content designator||Content designator (optional)|
|Medium designator||Journal or newspaper title|
|Secondary author||Medium designator|
|Place of publication||Volume|
|Extent or Pagination (optional)||Location or Pagination|
|Physical description (optional)||Physical description|
|Series (optional 220.127.116.11)||Notes|
ISO 2-letter country codes for publisher designation
Sources for title-word abbreviations in CSE based on ISO 4
Have a question? Ask A Librarian.