Skip to Main Content

University of Arkansas-Pulaski Technical College

Ottenheimer Libraries

Libraries Home | Ask a Librarian | Find Books | Find Articles

CSE Format: Authors

General Rules for Authors in End References

Personal Authors (

List author names in the order they appear in the document or text. Begin with the surname followed by the initials of the first and middle name (no comma between last name and intials). Separate names with a comma and space. End with a period.

  • Jones BR, Van deWater ML, Anderson K, MacMillan JS.
  • Morgan JR, Tellescue A, editors.
  • de Wollen S.

2 to 10 authors: List up to 10 author surnames and intials (no periods) separated by commas. List surnames as they appear in the document. Do not use "and" or "&" to separate authors' names.

10 or more authors:List the first ten followed by et al. Smith TA, Rowland P, ......., Henry JD, et al.


Organizational Authors (

Multidimensional organizations or government agencies: If a division of an organization is listed as the author, give the elements of the organizational name in descending hierarchial order, separated by commas. You can reorder the elements, placing the one most familiar to the readers first in the sequence (not all elements are essential; use your best judgement).

For example, the National Cancer Institute is under the National Institutes of Health, which is under the Department of Health and Human Services. The organizational author of a book coming from the Division of Cancer Prevention of the National Cancer Institute could be listed as:

National Cancer Institute (US), Division of Cancer Prevention.

or, if the abbreviation has been used in an in-text citation,

[NCI] National Cancer Institute (US), Dvision of Cancer Prevention.

Order an abbreviated orgainzational author by the full name in the end reference list.

National organizations: If a national body is the author and no nationality is listed, place the 2-letter ISO country code in parentheses after the name.

  • National Academy of Sciences (US)
  • National Fire Science (GB) 

Two or more organizations: If two or more organizations appear as authors, cite them in the order listed in the publication separated by a semicolon.

  • American Medical Association; American Heart Association

Personal author and organization author: If a personal author and an organization author appear on the title page of a document, use the personal author An exception may be made when you are citing an article and the organizational name has been traditionally used within the discipline when preferring to a publication. Refer to


Secondary Authors (

Personal author and editor:  If a work has secondary authors in addition to a personal or organizational author, the secondary authors are an optional component of the reference. Editors, translators, illustrators, and producers are examples of secondary authors. The secondary author(s) are placed after the title and edition statement.

Luzikov VN. 1985. Mitochondrial biogenesis and breakdown. Roodyn DB, editor. 

Editor, translator as author: If a work has no personal or organizational author, but has an editor or a translator, the secondary author is a required component of a reference (placed in the author position).

Leonard WR, Crawford MH, editors. 2002. Human biology of pastoral populations.

No author: If a work has no identifiable author, begin the reference with the title.


Ottenheimer-North Library

Ottenheimer-South Library

Have a question? Ask A Librarian.