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CSE Format: Media


For media and other non-Internet electronic documents include the medium designator. Give the year of publication as it appears on the screen, face, case, or in accompanying documentation. The extent, location, physical description, and notes are optional.

Material Type           In-text Citation              End Reference                                                        


CD-ROM (Life . . . c2002)

Life science animations [CD-ROM]. c2002. Dubuque (IO): McGraw-Hill Companies. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. 


DVD with editor(s) (Hawkins c2002)                                      

Hawkins RJ, Pearl MJ, editors. c2002. The athlete's shoulder [DVD]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.



 Videocassette    (Bates c1995)

Bates B. c1995. Abdomen [videocassette]. 3rd ed. Blanchard-Healy, Inc., producer. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott. 1 videocassette: sound, color, 1/2 in.



In the previous examples the secondary author (producer) and the descriptive notes that follow the publisher are optional; however, this information does provide clarity to a reader.

YouTube Video Clip

The general format and example below refers to an YouTube or other online video clip.
(Example provided by and used by permission from Lynn University Eugene M. and Christine E. Lynn Library)
Be sure to include the medium designator [Internet] after the title, as well as the date cited.
General Format
In-Text Citation:
(Author date)

Reference List:
Author AA. Year. Title. [medium designator]. Website; [cited year Mon dd]. Available from :URL


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